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Antimicrobial use and antimicrobial resistance in equine veterinary practice 


You are being invited to participate in a research study. Before you decide whether to participate, it is important for you to understand why the research is being conducted and what it will involve if you do choose to take part. Please consider the following information. Researcher contact details are listed below should you have any further questions.


Reading this information sheet and completing the survey will be considered as consent to participate in this study.


What is the purpose of the study?

Antimicrobial products are used in the treatment of many conditions in horses, and their use is important in maintaining animal health and welfare.  In order to maintain the effectiveness of antimicrobials for use in animals, we need to understand how they are being used in practice. There are, however, no up to date objective data on antimicrobial usage in equine practice.  Therefore, the aim of this survey is to collect data on how antimicrobials are used by clinicians in equine practice and to investigate the frequency of resistant infections in equine practice. 


Why am I being invited to take part and what will happen if I take part?

You are being invited to take part because you are an equine veterinary surgeon.

If you decide to take part you will need to complete the online survey, which will take around 10-15 minutes.


Participation is voluntary and you do not have to take part in this study. You are free to withdraw at any time until you have selected the ‘finish’ button on the final page of the questionnaire. You do not have to give a reason if you do not wish to take part.


Are there any benefits or risks in taking part?

There are no direct benefits or risks to you or your practice associated with taking part in this survey but we will use the data to improve antimicrobial stewardship guidance.


What will happen if I want to stop taking part?

If you want to stop taking part in this study you can withdraw at any time until completion of the online survey.  After completing the questionnaire your answers will be anonymous and therefore we will not be able to withdraw your information.


How will my data be used?

The data you provide will be stored securely for 7 years in line with data protection requirements at the University of Liverpool. As we are not collecting any personal information it will be anonymous. It will be used for this specific project only and a limited number of people will have access to the data.


What will happen to the results of the study?

The results will be used to inform strategies around responsible antimicrobial use which we hope will be useful to equine veterinary clinicians. After analysis we aim to present results at a relevant conference and publish them in an easily accessible open access journal.


What if I am unhappy or if there is a problem?

If you are unhappy, or if there is a problem, please feel free to contact one of the researchers listed below and we will try to help. If you remain unhappy or have a complaint which you feel you cannot communicate directly to the researcher then you should contact the Research Ethics and Integrity Office on 0151 794 8290 ( When contacting the Research Governance Officer, please provide details of the name or description of the study (so that it can be identified), the researcher involved, and the details of the complaint you wish to make.


Who can I contact for further details?


Amie Wilson

University of Liverpool 

Leahurst Campus, 

Chester High Road,

CH64 7TE



Dr Gina Pinchbeck

Institute of Infection and Global Health

Leahurst Campus

Chester High Road

CH64 7TE




Have you read the above information, and do you consent to participating in this study? Required